Town and region
birthday of Firenzuola, according Villani, was on April, 8th:
"quasi alle otto ore del dì, essendo ascendente il segno del Leone,
acciò che la sua edificazione fosse più ferma et forte et stabile,
Giovanni Villani (Libro X, cap. 196 of the Cronica)
Firenzuola is an agricultural and trading centre in
the Santerno Valley (Vatrenus amnis river in Marziale works).
Other rivers flow through the area: Sillaro, Idice and Gambellato.
It's almost between Firenze (52 Km), its provincial administration, and
Bologna (58 Km). Firenzuola is, by extent, the eighth Tuscany commune,
with its area of 272,06 Kmq. The region is scarcely peopled and the number
of its inhabitants is changed from 13.000 in 1921 to 4.710 today (at
July, 7th 1999).
The maximum elevation in the area is the Montoggioli
peak at 1.290 m. above sea level; the chief town is at 422 m. The Firenzuola
Commune borders on Barberino of Mugello, Borgo San Lorenzo, Palazzuolo
sul Senio and Scarperia (province of Firenze), and with Monterenzio,
Castel del Rio, Monghidoro, Castiglione de' Pepoli and S. Benedetto
Val di Sambro (province of Bologna).
The region is very mountainous and has some well-known
Faggiola pass (1.050 m), crossed by the road that link up Palazzuolo,
where developed and operated first groups of partisans in order to "resist" to
German troop during the second world war;
Giogo pass, dear to Gabriele D'Annunzio ("Io so dove fiorisce l'asfodelo,
là nel chiaro Mugello, presso il Giogo di Scarperia. Lo vidi fiorir
bianco..." - "I know where is blooming the asphodel, there
in the bright Mugello, near the Giogo of Scarperia. I saw it blooming
Futa pass (903 m.) where is the widest German military cemetery in Italy:
into it there are about 32.000 remains of soldiers died in the last world
war. The Giogo and Futa pass were in the middle of the "gothic line" and
were the scene of bloody clashes between allies and Germans.
The most important agricoltural products are potatos
(especially valuable those cultivated in Corniolo and Rapezzo), provenders, chestnuts (the
European Community had granted the I.G.P., Protected Geografical Mark,
aknowledgement of fruit quality), honey and pulses.
Among the brushwood products: mushrooms (the harvesting
is regulated by a regional law), truffles, blackberrys and raspberry.
The hight quality milch and meat cows breeding is
thriving and profitable. At Paliana is under test an ostrich breeding.
Carring and working "Firenzuola stone" is
a driving sector.
Tourism plays an important role: the municipal territory has good air
(except where are sites for the fast speed railway works), there are
chances for restful excursions, with horses too, the cooking is tasty,
people is hospitable.
Hunting and fishing has their importance. We can meet
easily in woods deer, fallow deer, wild boars, roes and mouflons.